In 2016 the International Science Council (ISC) awarded a grant to the project entitled “A Global Approach to the Gender Gap in Mathematical and Natural Sciences: How to Measure It, How to Reduce It?” (https://gender-gap-in-science.org/). The project, presented with the International Mathematical Union (IMU) and the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) as leading applicants, had the support of various other scientific unions covering a wide spectrum of disciplines.
The project is producing sound data to support the choice of interventions that the ISC and member unions can feasibly undertake to reduce the gender gap in science.
As part of the project, regional workshops were held during 2017 in three different regions:
- Latin America
This is the site of the Latin American chapter of the project.
The Latin American Workshop associated to the project took place in Bogotá, Colombia, between November 22-24, 2017 (https://emcyt_icsu017.uniandes.edu.co/index.php/evento-especial-icsu)
During this regional workshop we discussed the topics related to the three tasks of the project:
- Definition of a questionnaire to survey the current situation of women scientists and science students. The survey was based on the Global Survey of Physicists and was carried out by the Statistical Research Center of the American Institute of Physics (see e.g.: https://www.aip.org/taxonomy/term/171. ) The survey was open from May 1st, 2018 through December 31st, 2018. About 34,000 responses from over 150 different countries were collected during this time.
- Recollection and re-elaboration of lists of good practices to improve the situation of women scientists across regions and disciplines
- New research questions and possible data sources for the study on publication patterns
In all cases our participation was aimed at including a regional perspective to address the particularities of the problems of women scientists in Latin America.
During our meeting in Bogota we decided to publish a book containing contributions by the workshop participants describing the efforts performed at various levels (national, regional, scientific associations, etc) in Latin America to reduce the gender gap in science. The book was published by the Mexican Physical Society with funds provided by the Gender Gap in Science Project.
As discussed in Bogota, we also had a regional closing activity where we discussed the contents of the book, the results obtained with the Global Survey of Scientists in Latin America and the Caribbean. This activity took place at the ICTP-SAIFR in Sao Paulo, Brazil, on October 7-11, 2019.
The Global Project is about to have its final closing activity at the ICTP in Trieste Italy, on 4-8 November, 2019.